What Are The Different Types Of Criminal Cases?
It’s said to hate the crime and not the criminal, but in reality, the criminals ultimately have to face the consequences. There are several types of crimes that have been categorized as follows.
- Crimes against property,
- Crimes against a person,
- Statutory crimes,
- Inchoate crimes, and
- Financial crimes.
Special law firms deal in fighting the cases dealing with criminal charges. For the people of Tennessee, the criminal defense lawyer in Knoxville can prove extremely helpful. For more insight, here is a breakdown of various criminal cases.
Crimes against Property
This refers to interfering with another party’s property. These cases generally result in the denial of the use or pleasure of property, even though they may cause bodily or mental injury to another. Burglary, larceny, robbery, vehicle theft, and shoplifting are just a few examples of this kind of theft offense.
Crimes against a Person
Crimes against a person particularly inflict mental or physical harm to others. Thus, homicide and violent crimes are the two major categories. For example, suppose the bodily injury to another person is so serious that it ends in death. In that case, the defendant may be charged with homicide, including first-degree murder, voluntary manslaughter, or vehicular homicide. On the other hand, violent crimes are exceedingly severe and include:
- Assault and battery,
- Child abuse,
- Domestic abuse,
- Rape and statutory rape.
In addition to the crimes mentioned above, statutory crimes are violations of certain states’ stature. Alcohol-related crimes, drug crimes, traffic violations, and financial/white-collar crimes are the three most common categories of statutory crimes. These crimes are particularly outlawed by law to deter people from committing them. Alcohol-related offenses involve a wide range of violations, including:
- Open Container Violations,
- Driving Under the Influence (DUI/OWI/DWI),
- Minor in Possession of Alcohol,
- Underage DUI,
- Public Intoxication,
- Boating DUI,
- Refusing to Perform a Field Sobriety Test,
- Selling and Supplying Alcohol to Minors,
- Refusing to Provide a Blood Sample or Perform a Breathalyzer.
Drug crimes include drug possession, drug production, and drug trafficking, as well as any participation in the development or distribution of narcotics. The regulation and punishment of drug offenses involving medicinal marijuana is one area of criminal law that is now gaining much attention. However, this area of criminal law is in flux due to state tendencies toward medicinal marijuana legalization.
Criminal offenses that occur while operating a vehicle on public roads are known as traffic offenses. A DUI/OWI/DWI is classified as both an alcohol-related criminal and a traffic infraction since it includes both alcohol and the use of a vehicle.
Additional traffic violations include driving with a suspended or revoked license, driving without a license, hit-and-run accidents, reckless driving, and vehicular assault. In addition, a traffic violation that ends in death might be prosecuted as a significantly more severe felony, such as homicide.
Crimes that RemainUnfinished
Inchoate crimes are crimes that have been started but not finished and activities that aid in the execution of another crime. Inchoate crimes need more than just the intention or hope of committing a crime. To be declared guilty, the accused must take a “substantial step” toward accomplishing the crime.
Aiding and abetting, attempting, and conspiring are examples of inchoate crimes. In certain situations, inchoate crimes can be punished to the same extent as the underlying crime, while the penalty may be less severe in other cases.
Financial Crimes and other Misdemeanors
Finally, financial crimes frequently entail money gain through deceit or fraud. White-collar crimes are named after the corporate leaders who traditionally committed them, although anybody in any field may commit them. Many sorts of fraud and blackmail, embezzlement and money laundering, tax evasion, and cybercrime are among these crimes.