Empower Your Finances With These 5 Financial Literacy Tips
by Abdul Aziz Mondal Finance 04 April 2023
Having financial literacy is crucial in today’s world. It means having a better understanding of financial management, which includes budgeting, saving, investing, and insurance.
What do you understand about financial literacy? Financial literacy is a skill by which you can understand any of the financial terms and conditions along with the government terms. This literacy is the ability to understand various financial skills. When you are financially literate, you will see how the foundations of the money relationships are going on. From personal money management to your bank account management everything comes under the same umbrella.
What Types Of Knowledge Do You Require For Financial Literacy?
Financial literacy is the ability to understand and effectively use various financial skills, including personal financial management, budgeting, and investing. When you are financially literate, you have the foundation of a relationship with money, and it is a lifelong journey of learning.
Understand How Credit Works
The first factor which you must know is financial literacy. Understanding credit means maintaining good credit scores, avoiding debt, and building your credit.
A good credit score is a numerical value based on your credit history and other financial factors. A good credit score is generally around 700 or above, though different lenders and credit bureaus may have slightly different criteria.
Maintaining a good credit score is important because it can affect your ability to obtain loans or credit and the interest rates you are offered. When buying a car or house, lenders will typically review your credit score to approve or deny your application and decide what your interest rate will be. A higher credit score can result in lower interest rates, saving you money over the life of the loan.
Debt-to-income ratio(DTI) is a key metric used to measure the amount of debt you have compared to your income. Lenders use this ratio to evaluate your ability to manage debt and repay loans. A lower debt-to-income ratio is generally more favorable, as it indicates that you have a lower risk of defaulting on your loans.
Save Money For Emergencies
The financial literacy knowledge of building an emergency fund can give you the financial stability you need when facing unexpected expenses like medical bills, car repairs, or unemployment.
There are many ways to save for emergencies, including:
- Automatic deductions from a paycheck
- Saving small amounts at a time
- Creating a savings goal
- Opening a high-yield savings account
It’s important not to pull from your emergency savings account unless it is truly an emergency. Emergencies should not include non-essential expenses like vacations or luxury purchases. You can avoid unnecessary spending by maintaining a separate savings account and only using it for emergencies.
Purchase A Life Insurance Policy
In financial literacy, the understanding of life insurance policies comes in the top priority list. Life insurance is an insurance contract signed between you and your insurance company, where you can pay the amount of the regular premium in exchange for a lump sum payment for your beneficiaries upon your death.
The lump sum payment, also known as the death benefit, is tax-free and can be used to pay for expenditures such as:
- Funeral costs
- Outstanding debts
- Medical bills
- Family’s living expenses
- College tuition
- Charitable contributions
It’s important to understand the different types of policies available, like a whole life or a term life insurance policy, and choose one that fits your needs and budget.
Invest For The Future
Investing can help you grow wealth over time and achieve significant financial goals. Investing involves putting money into various financial vehicles, like stocks, bonds, mutual funds, or real estate, expecting to earn a return on that investment.
There are several types of investments that can be a good place to start for beginners:
- 401(k): In financial literacy 401(k) is a retirement savings plan. Which multiple employers are offering? It allows employees to contribute pre-tax dollars to their retirement savings and often includes employer-matching contributions.
- IRA: An IRA, or individual retirement account, is another type of retirement savings account that individuals can open. Like a 401(k), contributions to an IRA can be tax-deductible, and the earnings on the investments grow tax-free until retirement.
- Robo investing: Robo investing platforms use algorithms to automatically invest your money in a diversified portfolio of low-cost ETFs (exchange-traded funds). This can be a good option for beginners who want a hands-off approach to investing.
Following these financial literacy tips can empower you to make better financial decisions. It’s important to remember that financial education is a continuous process. The more you learn and practise good financial habits, the more you’ll be able to secure your financial future.